When the power goes out due to infrastructural issues, hurricanes, rain, or natural disasters, a generator is your best friend. If you have a standby generator, it is still connected to the electrical grid of your house. A portable generator, on the other hand, requires the use of a transfer switch to connect to the electrical panel. The source of electricity from the mainline to the g is converted by a transfer switch.
Some may claim that a generator may be used with an extension cord, but this is not secure or practical when used to power your home.
When using a portable generator outside, you can use extensions.
How to Safely Wire a Generator to a Breaker Box:
Types of transfer switch
Manual Transfer Switches – The vast majority of American households use them. They are important, functional, and cost-effective. You must manually switch the load on the generator from the mainline, as the name implies. Manual switches are available in a variety of models that can control up to 16-18 circuits at once.
Interlock Kit – Of all the choices, interlock kits are the most affordable. They’re simple to mount, but they’re illegal in many states; however, there are some situations where they’re permissible. It has the potential to backfire and cause serious problems.
Automatic Shift Switches – If you want a simple way to switch from utility to generator power, you’ll need an automatic transfer switch. These switches can be programmed to handle connections according to instructions. They place a higher value on the relationships you want to pursue first.
When a blackout is over, it may also transfer the power back to the mainline. Some models also have the ability to handle a UPS link. Hospitals, banks, jails, and police stations all use automatic transition switches.
Needed Equipment: Drill Machine Inlet Box with Electric Wire Generator Cord Transfer Switch Tool Kit (recessed male connector)
Step 1: Determine the number of wires required –The cables from the generator’s point to the inlet box must be measured.It’ll be a generator cable, which is easily found online and in electrical shops, or you can make one yourself.
From the inlet box, the second wire will need to hit the transfer switch. The most suitable location for the shift switch is next to your home’s central electrical power.
Step 2: Install the Inlet Box – Place the inlet box where it has been labeled. You’d have to screw it into the wall, which would necessitate the use of a drill machine.It can be used to link the generator.
Step 3: Mount the Transfer Switch – Position the transfer switch in its proper location. Tighten the nuts and double-check that all is in place. For specific installation instructions, consult the transfer switch’s instruction manual.
Step 4: Connect the Devices –The user manual for your transfer switch and your generator can also specify the type of wire you’ll need. Don’t bother with any other wire. Make sure it’ll be able to handle the weight you’ll be putting on it. When wiring, you must be extremely careful about the color of the wires.
The current is carried by the black wires, which must be wired to the black. The green (protective ground) must be connected to the green connector, while the white (neutral) must be connected to the white connector. If you are not comfortable working with wires, you should get the installation done by a trained professional.
Step5: Connect the Circuits on the Transfer Switch –Link the transfer switch’s supporting circuits to the primary circuit’s respective appliances if you have one. Room breakers may also be connected to the transfer switch in the same way.
There are technical issues that necessitate a great deal of expertise and experience. Do not tamper with the wiring if you are lacking in these two places. Please ensure that the main electrical supply is turned off when operating on the home’s main electrical panel.
Step 6: Check The Transfer Switch – Without turning on your generator, check the transfer switch. Switch the main power supply to the generator. The lights will turn off if the button is properly mounted. There is a problem with the installation if they flicker or fluctuate.
Step 7: Checking the Whole System – Now that you’ve installed the transfer switch and wired the wires properly, it’s time to go over the whole system to see what you’ve accomplished. Please start your generator, connect it to the inlet box, and change the utility to the generator shift switch.
Make sure the transfer switch’s circuits are all turned off. Pat yourself on the back until you see the indicator light in the shift switch to turn on.
You’ve been successful. Now, switch on each appliance one by one to make sure they’re working properly. Please don’t turn anything on at once, as this will cause your generator to overheat. You must bear in mind how you handled the load when testing the system.
What are the things you use your generator for on a regular basis, and what are the things you use it for all the time? The addition of a transfer switch does not imply that the capabilities of your generator have been improved.
Step 8: Professional Inspection – Once you’ve been through the setup with a licensed electrician, it’s time to seek professional advice. They will inspect every link, voltage, output, and safety measure, as well as rectify any issues. It is necessary because making contacts yourself can result in a violation of your home’s insurance policy.
Benefits of using a transfer switch
A transfer switch is required by law to wire a generator to your house, in addition to being secure.It can be disastrous not just for your home but also for the electric grid if you skip it. An electrician working on the poles can be electrocuted if your generator back feeds. The advantages of using a move switch in conjunction with a portable generator are as follows.
- Back-feeding is avoided with the use of a transfer switch.
- It is a simple and convenient way to power your house.
It also allows you to use the breaker box to attach furnaces, air conditioners, well pumps, and sump pumps to your house.
- Power control is simplified with a transfer switch.
It allows you to switch on/off devices such as furnaces, pumps, and air conditioners that you don’t need at any given time.
Installing the transfer switch as a do-it-yourself project will save you money, but it is a risky endeavor. Not only are you at risk, but so are your family, your appliances, and your entire house.
If you don’t know how to make electrical connections, manage generators, or lay wires, don’t do it. When dealing with electricity, we recommend that you take all necessary precautions and contact a professional.